meat-related names for prohibited plant products

Vegetable protein products will soon no longer be able to be called ” steak “, “bacon” or ” sausage “according to a decree published in the Official Journal this Thursday, June 30, eagerly awaited and welcomed by the animal sectors.

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“It will not be possible to use the terminology specific to the sectors traditionally associated with meat and fish to designate products that do not belong to the animal kingdom”, indicates the text. The decree, which will enter into force on October 1, 2022, nevertheless allows the marketing of “manufactured or labeled foodstuffs” before this date until 31 December 2023 at the latest.

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The text was expected ” for several years “ and constitutes “an essential step in favor of the transparency of information to the consumer as well as the preservation of our products and know-how”welcomed Jean-François Guihard, president of Interbev, the interprofessional association of livestock and meat.

Only for products made in France

From the National Federation of Farmers’ Unions (FNSEA) to poultry professionals, all the major unions in the animal sectors welcome this text, but ask the government to “bring the dossier to Brussels in order to extend the scope of application to all products, whatever their origin”according to a joint press release.

The published decree specifies that the products “legally manufactured or marketed in another Member State of the European Union or in Turkey, or legally manufactured in another State party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, are not subject to the requirements of this decree”.

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Professionals in the pork sector consider that this decree is only a “first step in the protection of traditional designations of meat recipes” in France and that it will be necessary “to extend this measure to European level”.

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The pork industry also believes that the law must also “protect animal designations from artificial synthetic foods”or the “meats” say to “laboratory”obtained by culturing animal cells, but also microbial or fungal proteins.

“France in a conservative position”

Conversely, the National Observatory for Plant Food (Onav) regrets that the decree “places France in a conservative position, against the current issues and European policy on these issues”.

Within the European Union, the designation of plant products by terms traditionally reserved for animal meat is authorized, with the exception of products made from animal milk. For example it is not possible to use the word ” yogurt “ Where ” cheese “ for a plant imitation.

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The decree also specifies the maximum content of vegetable proteins authorized to keep the names – from the code of meat uses – for foodstuffs of animal origin but containing a share of vegetable proteins.

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Thus, a minced meat steak can continue to be called steak provided that its vegetable protein content does not exceed 7%. A percentage that goes to 3% for frankfurter, 1% for black pudding or dry sausage, and 0.5% for bacon or lardons.

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